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Montana

ABA Model Rule 8.4(g) Efforts in Montana


Status Of Action in Montana

July 2018
Status – The Montana Supreme Court is considering a proposed rule change.

April 12, 2017
The Montana Legislature passed a joint resolution in which it condemned ABA Proposed Model Rule 8.4(g). In addition, Professor Volokh, who has been an outspoken opponent of the proposed rule, wrote an article regarding the move by the Montana Legislature.

April 10, 2017
On April 10, 2017, the Montana Office of Disciplinary Counsel filed comments with the Montana Supreme Court opposing adoption of ABA Model Rule 8.4(g) by the Montana Supreme Court, noting that the rule is overly broad.

December 9, 2016
Christian Legal Society filed a comment letter with the Montana Supreme Court, which is considering adopting Model Rule 8.4(g). The deadline for submitting comment letters, originally December 9, has been extended by the Montana Supreme Court until April 21, 2017. 

Proposed Rule Changes in Montana
 

Current Rule 8.4 Misconduct
It is professional misconduct for a lawyer to:

(d) engage in conduct that is prejudicial to the administration of justice


Proposed Rule – ABA Model Rule 8.4(g)
It is professional misconduct for a lawyer to:

(g) engage in conduct that the lawyer knows or reasonably should know is harassment or discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, national origin, ethnicity, disability, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status or socioeconomic status in conduct related to the practice of law. This paragraph does not limit the ability of a lawyer to accept, decline or withdraw from a representation in accordance with Rule 1.16. This paragraph does not preclude legitimate advice or advocacy consistent with these Rules.

Comment
[3] Discrimination and harassment by lawyers in violation of paragraph (g) undermine confidence in the legal profession and the legal system. Such discrimination includes harmful verbal or physical conduct that manifests bias or prejudice towards others. Harassment includes sexual harassment and derogatory or demeaning verbal or physical conduct. Sexual harassment includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other unwelcome verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. The substantive law of antidiscrimination and anti-harassment statutes and case law may guide application of paragraph (g).

[4] Conduct related to the practice of law includes representing clients; interacting with witnesses, coworkers, court personnel, lawyers and others while engaged in the practice of law; operating or managing a law firm or law practice; and participating in bar association, business or social activities in connection with the practice of law. Lawyers may engage in conduct undertaken to promote diversity and inclusion without violating this Rule by, for example, implementing initiatives aimed at recruiting, hiring, retaining and advancing diverse employees or sponsoring diverse law student organizations.

[5] A trial judge's finding that peremptory challenges were exercised on a discrimiatory basis does not alone establish a violation of paragraph (g). A lawyer does not violate paragraph (g) by limiting the scope or subject matter of the lawyer's practice or by limiting the lawyer's practice to members of underserved populations in accordance with these Rules or other law. A lawyer may charge and collect reasonable fees and expenses for representation. Rule 1.5(a). Lawyers also should be mindful of their professional obligations under Rule 6.1 to provide legal services to those who are unable to pay, and their obligation under Rule 6.2 not to avoid appointments from a tribunal except for good cause. See Rule 6.2(a), (b), and (c). A lawyer's representation of a client does not constitute an endorsement by the lawyer of the client's views or activities. See Rule 1.2(b).